Citation Style [NameYY]

For my thesis I had to choose a citation style. My professor suggested the "Springer Citation Style". She called it this way because the publisher Springer is apparently using it frequently. However, unfortunately, there was no good source to find that described the citation style in detail - which made me indeed wonder.

An example of the citation in the bibliography would look like this:

[Pass05] Passino, K. M.: Biomimicry for Optimization, Control, and Automation. Springer, 2004, ISBN 1852338040, p. 721 - 726.

And is used within the text as:

Passino wrote a comprehensive work about biomimicry [Pass05] ...

Since I am using the handy Firefox-Addon Zotero for my research I checked out the citation styles they offer in their Zotero Style Repository. Later on I was able to find the rules for the style I was looking for within the discussion of First letter of author as citation (Zotero forum). There it is confirmed that this style is used by the Springer LNCS (LNCS is the abbreviation for 'Lecture Notes in Computer Science'):

1 author: first 4 letters of name

2 authors: first 2 letters of author1, first 2 letters of author2

3 authors: first 2 letters of author1, first letter of author2, first letter of author3

4 authors: first letter of each author

more than 4 authors: first letter of first four authors

after that two digits of the year.

Century-disambigution is ignored.

If the symbol is exactly the same for two references, a letter is attached.

Link: Latex-CLS-File

It should be noted that the second line of the Latex-File includes:
"Springer Verlag LaTeX2e support for Lecture Notes in Computer Science"

Additionally, I stumbled over a 3 pages word document of the Longwood University (Mathematics and Computer Science Department), and a document called "Instructions for Authors – Formatting and Citation Guidelines" of the University of Duisburg-Essen.
The style I was trying to find is described in a similar way there, but still no name mentioned.

Diving deeper into the net, I could find the "Handbook of writing for the mathematical sciences" by Nicholas J. Higham. On Page 200 (tips on using Bibtex) the style is described again, but no name for it!


After a long research with unsatisfied success, I think I am forced to call the style "Springer LNCS Format" since nothing else was to be found. No scientific paper that described the style, no references with naming anywhere.

If you know the correct name or from what it has been derived, you would do me a favor telling me and other readers by writing a comment!

A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the original source). A bibliographic citation is a reference to a book, article, web page, or other published item. Citations should supply sufficient detail to identify the item uniquely. Different citation systems and styles are used in scientific citation, legal citation, prior art, and the arts and the humanities.